It's also possible to develop your own command-line tools, using XCode. This is an advanced thing to do. Usually, power-users will write a shell-script or some other kind of thing such as an AppleScript or an Automator Workflow but it's good to know what a command-line tool is.
Command-line tools have a textual user-interface rather than a graphical user interface GUI. Java used to be treated by Apple as a "first class language" to develop for Mac OS, however in recent years, Apple has less support for Java. Now with Mac OS X Java is still available, but users have to download Java from Oracle's website and install it themselves. Apple's Mac App Store doesn't even allow Java apps to be sold at their store calling Java "deprecated".
However, there still are Mac developers who use Java because it has the advantage of being cross-platform compatible. For example, the same source-code can be used to generate software that runs on Mac, Windows, and Linux. Apple has said that Java reduces the Mac to the "least common denominator".
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That's why they support it less. Python is somewhat supported by Apple.
There are third-party libraries that allow developers to develop applications using Python and Cocoa together, but these are not very well maintained, and Python on the Mac is most suitable for developing command-line utilities, or cross-platform scripts that aren't really very Mac-like.
Most Mac users use Safari for their web browser. Safari uses the standards set by w3c. If you're developing websites using your Mac and using Safari, remember to test your webpages on other platforms and with other web browsers.
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You could call AppleScript a "native" language too, but it isn't really used to make commercial applications. It was designed to be used by real power-users to automate their tasks. Although it is possible to use AppleScript to build Cocoa applications in XCode, this would be more for users who already know AppleScript and don't want to learn Objective-C. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world. Category : Book:Computer Programming.
Graphical Installation of Anaconda
The preferences window can also be invoked before running a script. Drag the script on the Python Launcher icon while holding the option key, and the preferences menu will spawn before the script is run, allowing you to adjust settings that will only apply to this run of the script. Typically, changes to the Python Launcher preferences are global, affecting all future scripts. For Python programmers working within the IDE, this makes sense.
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